Bens Branch Elementary Dyslexia

  • What is Dyslexia? 

    Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.

     - Adopted by the IDA Board, November 12, 2002.

    - This definition is also used by the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development   (NICHD), 2002.

     Dyslexia Characteristics

     The following are the reading/spelling characteristics of dyslexia:

    • Difficulty reading words in isolation;

    • Difficulty accurately decoding unfamiliar words;

    • Difficulty with oral reading (slow, inaccurate, or labored);

    • Difficulty spelling. 

    The reading/spelling characteristics are most often associated with the following:

    • Segmenting, blending, and manipulating sounds in words (phonemic awareness);

    • Learning the names of letters and their associated sounds;

    • Holding information about sounds and words in memory (phonological memory);

    • Rapidly recalling the names of familiar objects, colors, or letters of the alphabet (rapid naming). 

    Consequences of dyslexia may include the following:

    • Variable difficulty with aspects of reading comprehension;

    • Variable difficulty with aspects of written language;

    • Limited vocabulary growth do to  reduced reading experiences.

    For more information on dyslexia visit the International Dyslexia Association webpage